The goal of this post is to help you be able to watch DVDs on Fedora Linux. If you are using a different Linux distribution, this method should be able to be applied by altering it to your respective distro.
- Wrapping Up
I am slowly in the process of getting ready to replace my current “home media PC” (a.k.a my laptop) with a new computer using Fedora. I used my current Fedora desktop to try watching DVDs, and I found that without adding libdvdcss, I was only able to watch some DVDs but not all DVDs (ex: I could not watch Redbox movies). After a bit of digging and key pounding, I can gladly say that I have been able to watch every DVDI have tried so far, including ones that did not work previous to installing libdvdcss.
This specific guide was written using a system running Fedora 21, but this should work for at least Fedora 20 and Fedora 22.
Note: The ‘-y’ option in the dnf command tells dnf to not prompt for confirmation for the installation. If you would like to see exactly what is being installed and be prompted for confirmation before the install begins, then remove the ‘-y’ option from the commands.
Note: All dnf commands can be replaced by using yum instead of dnf. The first command would have to be changed to ‘yum -y localinstall’, but otherwise you can just do a drop-in replacement of yum wherever dnf is used, if you prefer to use yum.
Install rpmfusion Repository
This repository contains extra packages that are not included in the default Fedora repositories, including packages, such as VLC media player, that we will be installing later in this process.
dnf -y install --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm
Install (all the) Codecs
It is possible not every one of these codecs is needed, but I had installed all of them to ensure I didn’t miss anything that would get DVD playing working correctly.
dnf -y install gstreamer-ffmpeg gstreamer-plugins-base gstreamer-plugins-good gstreamer-plugins-good-extras gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-ugly gstreamer-devel gstreamer-plugins-base-devel gstreamer1-libav gstreamer1-plugins-bad-freeworld gstreamer1-plugins-ugly
Install DVD Tools/Libraries and VLC Media Player
Note: You don’t have to install VLC media player if you have another media player that you prefer, however VLC is a great media player with support for a ton of video and audio formats.
dnf -y install libdvdread libdvdnav lsdvd vlc
More information on libdvdcss and what it does can be found at the following two links:
- http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.txt (for an easier, but yet more detailed explanation)
- If not already installed, install git.
sudo dnf -y install git
- Create a directory to clone (download) the libdvdcss Git repository. This can be created most anywhere of your choosing, just make sure to the path in the commands below with the path you chose.
- Clone (download) the libdvdcss Git repository
cd ~/bin git clone https://code.videolan.org/videolan/libdvdcss.git
- Autoreconf, configure, make, and install the libdvdcss library
cd libdvdcss autoreconf -i ./configure --prefix=/usr make sudo make install
Hopefully at this point you can watch your DVDs using Fedora. Make sure to keep the libdvdcss library updated; directions on how to do so are listed below.
If you have any questions or comments, then feel free to leave a comment at the bottom of this page.
How To Update libdvdcss in the Future
New versions of libdvdcss will be released and like any piece of software it is good to keep it up to date. Since we did not install it using the package manager (it was not an option at the time of writing), we will need to do a few manual steps to update it.
cd ~/bin/libdvdcss/ make clean git pull autoreconf -i ./configure --prefix=/usr make sudo make install